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Execute powershell command without username password on Azure virtual machine

You can use az cli task on Azure devops in order to execute a powershell command inside a virtual machine without having to connect on it with username and password. In order to do that you have to use AzureCLI task and invoke a RunPowerShellScript.

    - task: AzureCLI@2
      displayName: execute command inside vm
        azureSubscription: 'subscription'
        scriptType: 'ps'
        scriptLocation: 'inlineScript'
        inlineScript: 'az vm run-command invoke --command-id RunPowerShellScript --name $(vm_name) -g $(vnet_rg_name) --scripts "hostname"'

You should use your own variables regarding the vm_name and rg_name. This task will execute on a windows-latest machine and will output the hostname of the machine that is given as input with the variables.